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Acid Wash. A treatment applied to the surface of stone to achieve a texture or deep clean stone.
Antique Finish. A finish that gives a distressed appearance texture.
Bleed . Staining caused by corrosive metals, oil-based putties, mastics, caulking, or sealing compounds.
Bluestone. A fin- to medium-grain stone that is green and lilac in color, while the middle stone is dark gray and blue.
Brushed Finish. A stone brushed with a coarse wire brush.
Bullnose. Rounding of a stone to finish an edge.
Cladding. Non-load-bearing stone wall covering.
Efflorescence. A salt deposit, usually in the form of a white powder residue, that forms on the surface of stone, brick or mortar.
Fieldstone. Rough, irregularly shaped pieces of stone.
Filling. The filling of natural voids in stone.
Fissure. A hairline opening on the fact of stone.
Flagstone. Fine-grained bluestone or slate.
Flamed Finish. A rough textured finish.
Granite. A very hard, crystalline, igneous rock.
Grinding. A process of flattening the stone by cutting with diamond abrasives. It will leave a monolithic appearance and a crisp reflection.
Grout. Mortar used to fill joints.
Hone Finish. A smooth surface finish with little or not gloss.
Impregnation. A sealer that penetrates below the surface of the stone.
Limestone. A sedimentary rock that is formed primarily of calcite or dolomite.
Lippage. A condition where one edge of a tile is higher than the other.
Marble. A metamorphic crystalline rock composed predominantly of crystalline grains of calcite, dolomite, or serpentine, and capable of taking a polish.
Natural Stone. A stone such as granite, marble, limestone, slate, travertine, or sandstone and is not artificial or manmade.
Onyx. A translucent crypto crystalline calcite with colors in pastel shades, particularly yellow, tan, and green.
Polished Finish. A high flossy surface finish that brings out the full color and character of the stone.
Refinishing. A process of re-polishing and/or honing any dull, once polished surface of any stone surface.
Serpentine. An oil-base stone generally dark green in color with markings of white or light green that can be polished.
Soapstone. A large quantity of talc with a "soapy" feel.
Terrazzo. A flooring surface of marble, granite chips in cement or resin.
Travertine. A variety of limestone.
Tumbled Finish. A weathered, aging finish.
Vein. A layer, seam, or narrow irregular body of mineral material different from the surrounding formation.
Waxing. The process of fill small surface imperfections.